by Ha mh Thai
Which environment do you want to live in? The Open Environment which was described by Jane Jacobs (1961) advocates openness, permeability and a mix of uses; or Close Environment which was put forth by Oscar Newman (1973) advocates privacy, low density and a single use.
Jacobs, J., 1961. The Death and Life of Great American Cities. New York: Random House.
Newman, O., 1973. Defensible Space: People & Design in the Violent City. London: Architectural Press.