Traditional movement system & courtyard in China
by Wang Jing
In the article “Design history of China’s gated cities and neighborhoods: Prototype and evolution”, Urban Design International of the Urban Design Seminar module, they mentioned a lot of the traditional courtyard in China. As extension, I did some research about the traditional courtyard in China. The traditional urban space could be divided into: Road, street, lane, lane by the logic of space character from the public to private.
As a result, I find some very interesting logic in the compare of the courtyard from northern China to southern China:
1. From south to north, the proportion of the streets decline and the proportion of the lanes increase.
2. From south to north, the density of the road network decrease.
3. Because of the capital cities always in the north China, the stringent feudal social hierarchy influenced the courtyard spaces in north profoundly. The form of the courtyard in south china is much freer, and shows the poetic environment design, for example the traditional gardens in Suzhou.
These differences from north to south may have the same original driving power of the development of the gated cities. That is the political economy. I hope this could help us to understand the artical better…….